Posljednjoj deceniji došlo je do porasta broja arbitražama uključuju dva ili više strana. Takozvane složen i višestranačke arbitraže podići brojna praktična pitanja u međunarodnoj arbitraži, uključujući ali ne ograničavajući se na pitanja koja su stranke za arbitražni sporazum, mogućnosti "proširenje" od arbitražnog sporazuma, spajanje treće strane, the consolidation of proceedings and significant other practical and legal issues. Arbitration rules have been adapting to these changes rapidly. ipak, some issues still remain unresolved.
The 1998 LCIA Rules had already included the possibility of joining a third party to the proceedings. This rule remained essentially the same in the 2014 LCIA Pravila. u skladu sa članom 22(viii) the Tribunal has the power, upon the application of the parties or on its own initiative, to allow one or more persons to be joined as a parties to arbitration provided that that person and the applicant party have consented to such joinder in writing (even against the consent of another party in the arbitration).
kako god, completely new provisions have been included in the 2014 LCIA Rules allowing for the consolidation of parallel proceedings. u skladu sa članom 22(ix) i (x), the arbitral tribunal may order, prior to the approval of the LCIA Court, the consolidation of the arbitration with one or more arbitrations where (ja) all the relevant parties agree in writing; ili (II) no arbitral tribunal has been formed for the other arbitrations (except if it is composed of the same arbitrators) and the arbitrations have been commenced under the same or compatible arbitration agreement(e) between the same disputing parties. This is allowed under the condition that the LCIA Court may determine, after giving the parties a reasonable opportunity to state their views, that two or more arbitrations under the LCIA Rules and commenced under the same arbitration agreement between the same disputing parties are to be consolidated. The LCIA rules allow this even without the consent of the parties (članak 22(x) and prior to the constitution of the Tribunal, subject to the approval of the LCIA Court.
A similar provision on consolidation can also be found in Article 10 od 2012 ICC Pravila, kako god, in comparison to other rules, the consolidation provisions under the LCIA Rules are more cautious than for example the HKIAC Rules, which allow consolidation even when the parties are not identical. The precise effects and implications off these changes, which may pose problems at the time of the enforcement of an arbitral award before certain State courts, still remain to be seen in practice.
The 2014 LCIA Pravila, containing these provisions, dostupne su ispod.
- Nina Janković, Aceris Zakon SARL